Child Support in Thailand

Child Support in Thailand. Thai law mandates that both biological parents share the financial responsibility for their children until the child reaches adulthood (age 20). This obligation applies regardless of the parents’ marital status – married, divorced, or separated. Let’s explore how child support is determined and enforced in the Thai legal system.

Reaching an Agreement

The ideal scenario is for parents to reach a written agreement on child support. This agreement should outline the amount of support, method of payment (usually regular installments), and duration of payments.

Court-Ordered Support

If an agreement can’t be reached, the court will step in. The court considers two main factors when determining child support:

  • The child’s needs: This includes expenses for food, shelter, clothing, education, healthcare, and extracurricular activities.
  • The financial ability of the parents: The court will assess each parent’s income and expenses to determine a fair contribution.

Legitimizing Fatherhood

For children born outside of marriage, the biological father is not automatically obligated to pay support. However, he can be held responsible if he acknowledges paternity through:

  • Marriage to the mother after the child’s birth
  • Registering legitimation at a local district office
  • A court judgment


If a parent fails to comply with a child support agreement or court order, there can be legal consequences. These may include:

  • Seizure and sale of assets
  • Wage garnishments
  • Travel restrictions

Seeking Legal Help

Child support issues can be complex, especially in situations involving international borders. Consulting with a lawyer experienced in Thai family law is highly recommended. They can guide you through the process, ensure your rights are protected, and help you reach a fair resolution.

Additional Considerations

  • Child support in Thailand is typically paid to the custodial parent, though exceptions can exist.
  • The court may order support in forms other than money, such as contributing to educational or vocational institutions.
  • There’s a 5-year statute of limitations for filing a child support claim for a minor child.

Remember, this article provides a general overview. For specific advice regarding your situation, consulting a lawyer is crucial.

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